Quick List of SLP Abbreviations

Here’s a quick list of medical abbreviations you’ll likely see on the job.

We did our best to compile an accurate list for you—but keep in mind that some abbreviations may differ, depending on your setting.

For more help, be sure to check out our printable reference charts and speech therapy materials.

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Common Medical Abbreviations

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Other. More Resources.


ac (ante cibum): before meals

AD: assistive devices, Alzheimer’s disease

ADL: activities of daily living

Afib: arterial fibrillation

AKA: above the knee amputation

AKI: acute kidney injury

ALS: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

AMA: against medical advice

AROM: active range of motion

ARNP: Advanced Registered Nurse Practioner

ASAP: as soon as possible

A&O: alert and oriented


BID (bis in die): twice daily

BKA: below the knee amputation

BLL: bilateral lower lobes of the lung

BM: bowel movement

BP: blood pressure

B/S: bedside

BUL: bilateral upper lobes of the lung


CA: cardiac arrest, carcinoma, cancer

CABG: coronary artery bypass graft

CGA: contact guard assistance

CHF: congestive heart failure

CHI: closed head injury

CM: Case Manager

cm: centimeter

CNA: Certified Nursing Assistant

COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

COTA: certified occupational therapy assistance

CSF: cerebrospinal fluid

CT: computerized tomography

CVA: cerebral vascular accident

CXR: chest X-ray

: with

c/o: complains of

C1, C2, (through C7): first cervical vertebrae, second cervical vertebrae, etc.


D/C: discharge

DM: diabetes mellitus

DNT: did not test

DOB: date of birth

d/t: due to

DVT: deep vein thrombosis

Dx: diagnosis


EEG: electroencephalogram

EENT: ear, ear nose, throat

EKG: electrocardiogram

ER or ED: emergency room or emergency department

ETOH (ethanol): alcohol


fib: fibrillation

F2F: face to face

f/u: follow up

FWW: front wheel walker


GCS: Glasgow Coma Scale

GE: gastroenterology

GERD: gastroesophageal reflux

GI: gastrointestinal

GOAT: greatest of all time—you!

GWS: gunshot wound


h: hour

H/A: headache

HEENT: head, eyes, ear, nose throat

HEP: home exercise program

HHA: Home Health Aide, home health agency

HLF: hyperlipidemia

h/o: history of

HOB: head of bed

HR: heart rate

HTN: hypertension

H&P: history and physical

Hx: history


IADL: instrumental activities of daily living

ICU: intensive care unit

IV: intravenous

I&O: intake and output


J-tube: jejunostomy tube


K: potassium, kidney


L: left, lower, lumar, liver, literal, lower, light

LLL: left lower lobe of the lung

LE: Lower extremities

LOC: loss of consciousness or level of consciousness

LOS: length of stay

LPN: Licensed Practical Nurse

LUL: left upper lobe of the lung

Lx: larynx

L1, L2 (through L5): first lumbar vertebrae, second lumbar vertebrae, etc.


M: male, meter, married

max: maximum

MBSS: modified barium swallow study

MCA: middle cerebral artery

MD: muscular dystrophy

MG: myasthenia gravia

MI: myocardial infarction

min: minimal

mod: moderate

MVA: motor vehicle accident


n: nerve

Na: sodium

NaCl: sodium chloride

NC: nasal cannula

NG: nasogastric

NG tube: nasogastric tube

NJ tube: nasojejunal tube

NKA: no known allergies

NOS: not otherwise specified

NPO (nil per os): nothing by mouth

N&V: nausea and vomiting


O: oral

OA: osteoarthritis

O/E: on evaxmination

OH (quaque hora): every hour

Op: operation

OR: operating room

O2: oxygen


PA: Physician’s Assistant

p/c (post cibum): after meals

PCP: Primary Care Physician

PD: Parkinson’s disease

PE: physical exam, pulmonary embolism

PEG: percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

PET: positron emission tomography

PH: past history

PI: present illness, pulmonary insufficiency

PLOP: previous level of functioning

PMH: past medical history

PMN: physical medicine and rehabilitation

PMV: Passy Muir valve

PNA: pneumonia

pneu: pneumonia

PO (per os): by mouth

POSTOP: post-operative

PROM: passive range of motion

PRN (pro re nata): as needed

PSH: past surgical history

pt: patient

PVD: peripheral vascular disease

PX: physical examination


QID (quater in die): four times daily


R: right

RA: rheumatoid arthritis

RBC: red blood cell, red blood count

RD: respiratory distress

re: regarding

ROM: range of motion

r/o: rules out

RLL: right lower lobe of the lung

RN: Registered Nurse

ROM: range of motion

r/t: related to

RT: radiation therapy, Respiratory Therapy

RUL: right upper lobe of the lung

Rx: prescription


SAH: subarachnoid hemorrhage

SBA: stand-by assistance

SCI: spinal cord injury

SDH: subdural hematoma

SO: significant other

SOB: shortness of breath

SH: social history

Stat: immediately

s/p: status post

s/sx: signs and symptoms

sx: symptom

: without


TBI: traumatic brain injury

tbsp: tablespoon

TPN: total parenteral nutrition

tsp: teasoon

TKA: total knee arthroplasty

Tx: treatment

T1, T2 (through T12): first thoracic vertebrae, second thoracic vertebrae, etc.


U/A: urinalysis, upon arrival

U/O: under obseration

URI: upper respiratory infection

US or u/s: ultrasound

URI: upper respiratory infection

UTI: urinary tract infection


V: vein

VA: visual acuity

VF: visual field, ventricular fibrillation

via: by way of

VO: verbal order

VS: vital signs


w or wk: week

WBC: white blood count

WFL/WNL: within functional limits/within normal limits

w/u: work-up


2/2: secondary to

4WW: four-wheel walker

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